image courtesy:Sputnik International

India has successfully conducted a flight test of its indigenously designed Advanced Air Defence (AAD)/ Ashvin Advanced Defense interceptor missile on Abdul Kalam Island off the coast of Odisha in the Bay of Bengal, home to the Indian military’s primary missile test facility, the so-called Integrated Test Range, on March 1, according to the Indian Ministry of Defence (MoD).

The missile test was overseen by the Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO), the MoD’s research and development wing. The test firing from a mobile missile launcher occurred at 10:15 a.m. local time.

According to the MoD, the missile interceptor destroyed the incoming target with a direct hit at an altitude of 15 kilometers. The target missile, a variant of Prithvi, mimicked the enemy missile.

The missile test was overseen by the Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO), the MoD’s research and development wing.Starting from detection to interception, all the sequences of the event were fully automated.

“The weapon system radars tracked the target and provided the initial guidance to the interceptor which could precisely home on to the target and destroyed it in endo-atmospheric layer. The complete event including the engagement and destruction was tracked by a number of electro-optical tracking systems using infrared imagery. Radars and telemetry stations tracked the target and the interceptor till the destruction of the target,”according to the Indian Ministry of Defence (MoD).

The ‘Indian Ballistic Missile Defence Programme’ is an initiative to develop and deploy a multi-layered ballistic missile defence system to protect from ballistic missile attacks.

It is a double-tiered system consisting of two land and sea-based interceptor missiles,namely the Prithvi Air Defence (PAD) missile for high altitude interception, and the Advanced Air Defence (AAD) Missile for lower altitude interception.

The two-tiered shield should be able to intercept any incoming missile launched 5,000 kilometres away.The system also includes an overlapping network of early warning and tracking radars, as well as command and control posts.

Scientific Adviser to Defence Minister and Director General (Missiles and Strategic Systems) G Satheesh Reddy, who monitored the launch operation along with other senior officials, said the mission met all parameters as expected.

“It was a great success for DRDO since both its interceptors, fired in a gap of 20 days, delivered desired results. The launch has proved the BMD prowess of the country,’’ Reddy said.