Republic Day also called as Purna Swaraj Day is one of the most important national events for India (Bharat) and its all citizens. At this day India was declared as the Sovereign Democratic Republic country as well as constitution of India came into force after independence of many years of struggle by the Indian freedom fighters. Sovereign Democratic Republic means, the constitution gave India’s citizens the power to govern themselves by choosing their own government. Dr. Rajendra Prasad took oath as India’s first president.
ABOUT REPUBLIC DAY (INDIA)
Our Motherland India (Bharat) was slave under the British raj (British rule) for long years during which Indian people were forced to obey the rules and laws made by the British. After long years of hard struggle of Indian freedom fighters, finally India achieved independence on 15th of August in 1947 from British rule.
On 28 August 1947, It was appointed to the Drafting Committee to draft a permanent constitution of India, with Dr. B. R. Ambedkar as chairman. Ambedkar and his Drafting Committee, who prepared a draft constitution and submitted to the Constituent Assembly of India on 4th of November in 1947. After many deliberations and some modifications, the constitution of India took years to get enforced on 24th of January in 1950, and two days later it came into effect throughout the whole nation.
Around two years, eleven months and eighteen days later, India formed and implemented its own constitution adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26 November 1949, and came into effect on 26th of January in 1950 with a democratic government system and declared India as a Sovereign Democratic Republic. After getting India declared as a Sovereign, Socialistic, Secular and Democratic Republic, people of India started celebrating 26th of January as a Republic Day every year to honour the pledge of “PURNA SWARAJ”.
REPUBLIC DAY CELEBRATIONS
Republic day is the gazetted holiday all through the country by the Government of India, when people celebrates this great day of honour in their own way. At this day every Indian should take an oath to make this country peaceful and developed country.
Government of India organizes a big event every year at the Rajpath, in the national capital, New Delhi where a special parade is held in front of the India Gate in the presence of President of India after unfolding the India Flag and singing National Anthem. On this day, ceremonious parades take place which generally starts from the Vijay Chowk and ends at India Gate and performed by the Indian army (Army, Navy and Air-force) as a tribute to India; its unity in diversity and rich cultural heritage.
All three wings of Indian armed forces display the power of India like weapons, various arms, the great inventions like tanks and big guns etc. through the parade. N.C.C cadets, Military bands and police also take part in the parade playing different tunes, the whole environment becomes full of the sound of National Anthem “Jana Gana Mana”.
After the army parade, various states of the country also show their Jhankis related to their culture and tradition. At the end of event, a tri colour (our honourable National Flag colors — saffron, green and white) flowers showering with aeroplanes takes place in the sky showing the symbol of National Flag that indicates the symbol of peace.
India is a cultural and traditional country and It follows the culture of “Atithi Devo Bhava”. So, India invites a chief guest from another country every year at Republic Day celebration. This year, on 68th Republic Day of India 2017, the chief guest was Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan.
IMPORTANCE OF CELEBRATING 26 JANUARY
“Republic”, the word roots from a Latin word ‘Res respublica’, standing for ‘A state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch’. This makes India the largest sovereign socialistic, secular and democratic nation in the world, with respect to its population.
The fundamental duties and rights of the people of the Republic in India have been laid down in our constitution. Every citizen of India is equal in the eye of law, and no one will suffer because of religion, caste, creed, race or colour. 26th January is the best day when we should take an oath to preserve our country’s real position, meaning, status and most importantly culture of humanity. During the British Rule, two great personalities such as Rabindranath Tagore and Mahatma Gandhi gave the same message of love, peace, equality and unity. Republic Day conveys a message that India (Bharat) is one nation for all its citizens, whether they are Hindu, Muslims, Jain, Christian or Sikh.
“We are Indians, firstly and lastly.” – B. R. Ambedkar
Republic Day is the symbol of true spirit for the independent India, which seed was sown by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in the midnight of December 31, 1929 – January 1, 1930.
HIGHLIGHTS OF REPUBLIC DAY CELEBRATIONS 2017, RAJPATH, NEW DELHI
1. Prime Minister Narendra Modi with Shri Pranab Mukherjee (President of India) and Abu Dhabi Crown Prince (Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan) at Rajpath on Republic day of India.
2. PM Narendra Modi has paid floral tribute and gave salute to the sacrificed Indian soldiers at Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate, Rajpath. He also signed the ceremonial book of the Republic Day celebration.
3. 2017 Republic Day Theme is Skill India and Beti Bachao Beti Padhao.
4. A 149-member UAE Presidential Guard, the Air Force, the Navy and Army contingent participation at the Republic Day Parade of India at Rajpath, India Gate. The UAE military contingent is led by Lt Col Abood Musabeh Abood Musabeh Alghfeli.
5. Debut show by the National Security Guard (NSG- a team of 140 commandos) popularly known as the Black Cat Commandoes at Rajpath on this Republic Day representing their brilliant skills. First Time in History – Debut show of Sherpa (a bullet-proof NSG vehicle).
6. Sticking to the 67 years’ tradition of the Republic Day Celebration, the colourful BSF Camel Regiment led by Deputy Commandant Kuldeep Seervi.
7. Display of Howitzer Dhanush (Made in India, designed by Ordnance Factories Board) at Rajpath. Its maximum firing range is 38 Km. It is a 155 mm towed howitzer to be used by the Indian Army.
8. Display of the fly-past of three LCA Tejas Aircraft flying at a height of 300 m from ground in ‘Vic’ formation and the Airborne Early Warning & Control System (AEW&C) developed by DRDO.
9. The Indian Army’s missile firing capability, T-90 ‘Bhishma’ tank, Mobile Autonomous Launcher of the BrahMos Missile System, Infantry Combat Vehicle BMP-2K, Akash Weapon System, Weapon Locating Raddar ‘Swathi’, Dhanush Gun System and CBRN Recconnnaisance Vehicle are the main draw in the mechanised columns.
10. The Indian Air Force Tableau had the theme “Air Dominance Through Network Centric Operations”, the Indian Air Force Tableau displayed the scaled down models of Mirage-2000, Su-30 MKI, UAV, AWACS, Apache and Communication Sattelite.
11. This year the Indian Navy’s Tableau had the theme ‘Indian Navy – Professional Force-Anchoring Stability, Security and National Prosperity’. The tableau showcases the lethal Marine Commandoes proceeding for action, the Kalvari Class next generation attack submarines and the indigenously built Kolkata Class Destroyer. The tableaux displayed a model of the P-8I Long Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft.