India’s struggle for independence is a great history. Several great men and women sacrificed their lives and riches for what the country enjoys today. 86 years ago, three great, fierce sons of the country were hanged to death.
In 1931, three freedom fighters, Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thaapar sacrificed their lives.
At the tender age of 12, Bhagat Singh visited the Jalianwala Bagh massacre and decided to fight for his country. As an avid reader and writer, he wrote about socialism, socialist revolutions and communism. He framed the famous phrase, “Inquilab Zindabad”, which translates to “Long live the revolution”. He was just 23 at the time of his death.
His comrade Hari Shivaram Rajguru, alike Bhagat Singh, did not believe in Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violence ideology. The duo, fatally shot Saunders in Lahore. This sentenced them to death. Rajguru was 22 when he died.
Sukhdev Thapar had witnessed the brutal atrocities that the Imperial British Raj had inflicted on India, which then led him to join the revolutionaries, vowing to set India free from the shackles of British dominion.
He also took active part in several revolutionary activities like the ‘Prison hunger strike’ in 1929; however, he is best remembered for his courageous attack in the Lahore Conspiracy Case.
In 1929, Bhagat Singh and his comrades bombed the Central assemble in Delhi with low-grade explosives. They did this in an attempt to startle the occupants and gain attention to their cause. They shot John Saunders, mistaking him for James Scott, the British police superintendent who ordered the lathi charge that led to Lala Lajpat Rai’s death.
Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged at around 7:30pm on March 23, 1931. This was 11 hours prior to their scheduled execution time. Their bodies were sneaked out through a hole in the back wall of the jail. They were secretly cremated in the dark of the night. Their ashes, thrown in the Sutlej river, adds pride to the river and the states it flows through.
Earlier this morning, Prime Minister Narendra Modi commemorated their death anniversary in a tweet, saying that India will never forget their courage and sacrifice.
In a step to mark Bhagat Singh’s martyrdom, the Border Security Force put on display the pistol he used to kill British officer John Saunders at a new arms museum in Indore.