Jallikattu has now struck to be the revolution that the country has witnessed by the youth. It united numerous people regardless of their religion, caste and gender. The protests were conducted without any hinderance to the public even though it took a U-turn lately and violence was imparted. But what most of the public does not know is that the Government made a huge amendment to exempt Jallikattu from the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act of 1960. The constant protests compelled the government to make this huge change by intervening in the parent provision of the Act.
The Act’s parent provision deals with the restrictions on performing animals. The government has amended Section 22 with the statement “nothing in this section shall apply to the conduct of Jallikattu”. The verdict against Jallikattu was given by the Supreme Court in May 2014. But later in 2016 the centre tried to exempt Jallikattu from this new law passed. The court did not give it and sustained the law against Jallikattu. Today, January 23rd, 2017 this law was lifted for Jallikattu alone and the government said that this was needed to preserve the tradition and culture of Tamil Nadu, that this event plays an important role in most of the parts of Tamil Nadu. Government also said that this was necessary to ensure the survival of the native breeds of bull.
An amendment is also made to Section 2 which states that it is not against the law to conduct Jallikattu in the months of January to May as it marks the tradition and culture of Tamil Nadu. Previously before the amendment Supreme Court said that conducting Jallikattu would violate the statements in Section 3,11 and 22 which includes-duties of person having charge on animals and treating animals cruelly. Section 27 has an extra clause added as sub section (c) saying,“the conduct of jallikattu with a view to follow[ing] and promot[ing] tradition and culture and ensure survival and continuance of native breeds of bulls.” And Section 28 states the following-“nothing contained in this Act shall apply to jallikattu conducted to follow and promote tradition and culture and such conduct of jallikattu shall not be an offence under this Act.”
This is one revolution to remember. Retired judge Hari Paranthaman explained to the youth at Marina Beach about the move taken by the government. The people got what they needed by protests which kept them awake for days and cooperation from all the their fellow protestors.